In today's bed industry, mattresses are made using a plethora of materials and natural fibers. Cheaper mattresses tend to be covered in a polyester ticking, or some sort of polyester blend. Mid-range to higher end mattresses will likely have a cotton or Belgian damask cover. It's really the fillings that determine the cost of a mattress, natural materials are said to have more beneficial properties in terms of comfort and heat regulation, however some technological advancements have made man-made materials such as Memory Foam become a popular choice for consumers.
Polyester is a synthetic fibre derived from coal, air, water, and petroleum. Polyester fibres are formed from a chemical reaction between an acid and alcohol.
Not only is polyester a cheaper alternative, but it also has several advantages over traditional fabrics such as cotton. It does not absorb moisture, but does absorb oil; this quality makes polyester the perfect fabric for the application of fire-resistant finishes.
Memory Foam was first developed and used by NASA to give Astronauts protection from the immense pressures of lift-off and re-entry.
The key feature of memory foam that makes it remarkable when compared to other mattress materials is its unique properties. The highly sensitive visco-elastic cells within memory foam respond to body temperature by moulding to the unique contours of your body to provide unsurpassed comfort and support.
Cool Blue Gel
Cool Blue Gel is a hybrid foam also known as V70 Memory Foam.
Like Memory Foam, Cool Blue Gel is also a Polyurethane foam created to relieve pressure. While Memory Foam retains heat, Cool Blue Gel absorbs body heat and dissipates it across the mattress surface.
Cotton is a beautifully soft and breathable fabric, and is extremely comfortable against the skin.
Cotton is naturally hypoallergenic, strong and extremely durable. It has excellent absorbency characteristics and is an ideal fibre for people who suffer from asthma and skin conditions.
Cotton is also highly recognised as being a consistent temperature regulating material, a mattress with cotton fillings will keep you warm in the winter and cool in the summer months.
Wool has several qualities that distinguish it from hair or fur. It is crimped, is elastic, and it grows in staples known as clusters. In addition to mattress filling, wool has been used for clothing, blankets, rugs, carpets, insulation and upholstery.
A fine wool may have up to one hundred crimps per inch, while coarser wools may have as few as one or two. In contrast, hair has no crimp and little ability to bind into yarn.
Natural Latex is quickly overtaking Memory Foam in terms of popularity and sales. Latex provides very similar properties to Memory Foam in that it contours and shapes itself around your body when pressure and heat are applied.
However, unlike Memory Foam, Latex does not retain heat and acts more like a cotton or wool mattress, helping to regulate your body temperature so that you remain warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
Cashmere Wool usually simply known as cashmere, is a fibre obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat. Common usage defines the fibre as a wool but in fact it is a hair, and this is what gives it its unique characteristics as compared to sheep's wool.
Cashmere is fine in texture, strong, light, and soft. It provides excellent insulation and is much softer than regular sheep's wool.
Horse Hair fabrics are sought for their lustre, durability and care properties and mainly used for upholstery and interiors. If a mattress contains horse hair you can rest assured it will be one of the finest on the market, it is used to provide unrivalled support and comfort when combined with a pocket spring system beneath it and softer fabrics above it.
Silk is a natural protein fibre, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. Because of its texture and lustre, silk rapidly became a popular luxury fabric in many areas, including as a luxury mattress filling.
The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colours.